Families and independent members may participate in planned learning that occurs independently of a formal group setting, such as a clubs. This may be an individual, paired, or family learning effort. For many youth, their exposure to 4-H experiences and learning materials comes through activities conducted either within their family or an independent membership. While 4-H encourages participation in club settings to promote friendship and interaction with other youth and adults, for some youth, this is not always possible. Families and independent members are welcome to participate in the 4-H experience.