Youth Development

  • 4-H EmblemNebraska 4-HYouth Development

    teacher working with youth

4‑H is dedicated to learning and understanding how its programs help youth become responsible citizens leading healthy and productive lives and discovering critical science-focused innovations. For over 10 years, 4-H has studied the effectiveness of its youth development programs. This page offers resources around that research, as well as professional development resources for youth-serving organizations. 

For more than 10 years, 4-H has partnered with Tufts University to study the effectiveness of its youth development programs. This first-of-its-kind research study found that 4-H's unique hands-on approach gives youth the opportunity to learn by doing and build life skills.

4-H Study of Positive Youth Development (PYD) is a longitudinal study that began in 2002 and was repeated annually for eight years, surveying more than 7,000 adolescents from diverse backgrounds across 42 states. The study found that youth who participate in 4-H are:

  • nearly 4 times more likely to make contributions to their communities.
  • about 2 times more likely to be civically active.
  • nearly 2 times more likely to participate in science programs during out-of-school time.
  • 2 times more likely to make healthier choices.


The Core Competencies for School-Age and Youth Development Professionals are designed to inform professionals and the public alike of the knowledge and skills you want to see in professionals working in licensed child care programs, public and private school before-and-after school programs, faith-based groups, summer youth camps, youth development programs, and juvenile justice programs.

State & National Oganizations

Below is a list of links that will help you learn about expanded learning opportunities. The featured links are examples of organizations that are seen as leaders in the afterschool and out-of-school time profession.


A professional development resource for out-of-school time (OST) professionals, Click2Science is designed to build higher-quality OST STEM programs by giving frontline staff the skills they need to create positive STEM learning experiences with youth. 

Afterschool Alliance
The Afterschool Alliance provides resources on the need for quality expanded learning opportunities and advocates for stronger public policy and investment for afterschool and out-of-school time programs.

Center for Youth Program Quality
The David P. Weikart Center for Youth Program Quality provides research and resources that can help youth workers improve the quality of their youth programming.

Expanded Ed Schools
This website is hosted by The After-School Corporation (TASC). Expanded Ed Schools work on policy supporting quality out-of-school time learning by providing resources for improving graduation rates, STEM, and closing the achievement gap.

National Afterschool Association
NAA is a professional membership association for those providing extended learning opportunities during out-of-school hours. This organization is the author of the National Afterschool Association Core Competencies for Afterschool and Youth Development Professionals

National Institute of Out-of-School Time
NIOST is one of the nation’s leading authorities on providing quality out-of-school time experiences. The site provides research and resources helpful in implementing quality expanded learning opportunities.

National Afterschool Network
The National Network of Statewide Afterschool Networks is focused on the core components of afterschool and expanded learning opportunities—engaged learning, school-community partnerships, and family involvement. Use this website to learn about how the national network accomplishes this important work, access valuable resources on afterschool and expanded learning and reach out to your statewide afterschool network.

Harvard Family Research Project Out-of-School Time
This Harvard University Graduate School of Educate website provides resources, research, and databases that strengthens family, school, and community partnerships, out of school time programs, and early childhood care and education.

PEAR: Program in Education, Afterschool and Resiliency
PEAR is a combined effort of Harvard University and McLean Hospital. It integrates research, theory, and practice between youth development, schools, and mental health. The website has assessment tools, publication, and resources on afterschool programs, best practices and funding.

The Forum for Youth Investment
Helping all young people be ready by 21 – ready for college, work and life are the vision that drives our work and knits together the technical assistance centers, networks, and projects and initiatives we have developed to help leaders change the ways they do business.

Search Institute
For more than 50 years, Search Institute® has been a leader and partner for organizations around the world in discovering what kids need to succeed. Our research, resources, and expertise help our partners in organizations, schools, and community coalitions solve critical challenges in the lives of young people.

Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development
The Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development is a laboratory within the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development at Tufts University. The Institute has the mandate and goal to be a center of excellence for the conduct and dissemination of top-tier scholarship and for the education and professional development of graduate and undergraduate students interested in enhancing the lives of diverse children, families, and communities.


Nebraska 21st Century Community Learning Centers
The Nebraska 21st Century Community Learning Centers expanded learning and enrichment opportunities for school-age students and their families outside regular school hours. The website has resources on quality out-of-school programming and grant funding for Nebraska schools and communities.

Beyond School Bells
Beyond School Bells is the Nebraska Afterschool Network. It provides resources and advocacy for quality expanded learning time opportunities for the state of Nebraska.